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Granite boulders and limestone were initially the preferred building materials, but after brick production reached Denmark in the middle of the 12th century, brick quickly became the material of choice.
The church at Østerlars on the island of Bornholm was built around 1150.
The flat ceilings were replaced by high cross vaults, windows were enlarged with pointed arches, chapels and towers were added and the interiors were decorated with murals. Although most Gothic architecture in Denmark is to be found in churches and monasteries, there are examples in the secular field too.
Red brick was the material of choice as can be seen in St. Glimmingehus (1499–1506), a rectangular castle in Scania, clearly presents Gothic features.
It was not, however, until the 1960s that Danish architects entered the world scene with their highly successful Functionalism.
This, in turn, has evolved into more recent world-class masterpieces such as the Sydney Opera House and the Great Belt Bridge paving the way for a number of Danish designers to be rewarded for excellence both at home and abroad.
A series of outer posts slanted towards the wall were possibly used to support the building like buttresses.
Denmark's first churches from the 9th century were built of timber and have not survived.
Towards the end of the 13th century and until about 1500, the Gothic style became the norm with the result that most of the older Romanesque churches were rebuilt or adapted to the Gothic style. Canute's presents all the features of Gothic architecture: pointed arch, buttresses, ribbed vaulting, increased light and the spatial combination of nave and chancel.The building now forms part of the Svendborg Museum.Ystad in the southern Swedish region of Scania which was formerly part of Denmark still has some 300 half-timbered houses, several of them of historic importance.Archaeological excavations in various parts of Denmark have revealed much about the way the Vikings lived. Located some 45 km (28 mi) south of the Danish border near the German town of Schleswig, it probably dates back to the end of the 8th century.The houses are deemed to be among the most sophisticated dwellings of their time.